Friday, July 13, 2012

Why Team Edward (usually) Loses

Someone recently asked me:
"In shows/movies where vampires and werewolves appear together --WHY-- are the werewolves always so much sexier?!?! "
and someone else:
"Add'l Q. I've never seen a female werewolf other than the one in Werewolf in London/Paris, what's with that?"

I replied:
Werewolf = Wild/Innerbeast = Cowboy + Untamed Emotions = Passionate
Vampire = Undead = Zombie + Intelligence = Sad about being undead = Emo.
Women are already Werewolves. See: Untamed Emotions.
Also, Gothic literature has a long line of vampiric femme fatals ie. Smart Women who will Kill men with their sexual wiles. Why break from Tradition?
      Smart/Rational = Vampire
      Emotional/Impulsive = Werewolf
Plus, filmmakers portray werewolves as hypermasculine, not acceptable for a female character. Fem versions of werewolf: Catwoman, Bearlady in Brave
The response was a bit nit-gritty so I wanted to clarify and expand a little bit.

Dark Shadows (2012)
Johnny/Barnabus Collins looks quite disinterested in flirting
The vampire isn't always emo (melancholic), but often the male protagonist vampire is (Edward Cullen, Louis de Pointe du Lac/Brad Pitt in Interview with a Vampire (1994), Angel in Buffy the Vampire Slayer). This characteristic might be a way writers make the vampire vulnerable and therefore more appealing to viewers. Non-melancholic vampires revel in their all-powerfullness in a manner that disregards humanity . Essentially, their personalities just aren't that attractive and they just come off as ass-holes obsessed with blood. Or bored. And dead. Not a very compelling sexual partner.

The werewolf, on the other hand, has a very expressive personality. Werewolves are also mostly human- they just have a defect that unleashes their inner beast, which unlocks the 'normally' hidden masculine emotions. Recent incarnations of werewolves don't kill people, or even livestock, but act as protectors to other werewolves or humanity. This sacred purpose gives them a reason to have superpowers. Combining purpose with instinctual emotion creates a protective and passionate creature- features most people look for in a sexual partner. 

In this scene from True Blood (2008 - present), the Werewolf Alcide Herveaux 1) Reacts to rubbing alcohol's sting 2) Needs someone to take care of him 3) Stands for something (his pack's code) 4) Can't emotionally let go of his 'fiance' 5) Starts to fall for a new woman. All in a minute and a half. [I've never seen the show (don't have HBO) so I'm not sure how events progress from here.]

That's not to say vampires can't be vulnerable and emotional. They're just to conforming to the vampire stereotype, and therefore seem like ninnies. (Edward Cullen)

Sullen or Sarcastic? I find the whole rivalry hilarious.
 And bizarre, why would you pick Edward?

Notable Vampires/Zombies
James, the Voluturi (Twilight Series, 2008 - 2012)
Jerry (Fright Night, 2011)
Rogue (XMen, 2000, 2003, 2006)
Venom (Spider-Man 3, 2007)
Voldemort (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, 2001)

Notable Were-beings/Cowboys
Jacob Black (Twilight Series, 2008 - 2012)
Michael Corvin (Underworld, 2004, Underworld: Evolution, 2006)
Wolverine (XMen, 2000, 2003, 2006 XMen Origins: Wolverine, 2009 )
Mystique, although she hides her emotions (XMen, 2000, 2003, 2006)
Catwoman (Catwoman, 2004, Batman: The Dark Knight Rises, 2012)
Sirius Black, not Lupin (Harry Potter series, 2001 - 2011)
Wikus van de Merwe (District 9, 2009)

 Were-beings and Vampires are Cowboys or Zombies with supernatural elements. Have any to add? Am I biased against vampires? Leave a comment!

Thursday, July 12, 2012

The Amazing Spider Man - Analysis

If you havn't seen The Amazing Spider-Man (Columbia Pictures, 2012) don't read this yet! Or do, and just know there are spoilers. The mythos in this version of Spider-Man capture our times so well and perfectly. The characters and plot deviate so little from the mythos that it's almost boring. But it's such a simple perfect telling of a myth that Spider-Man may be my new favourite superhero.

Spidey doing a nice Black Widow pose.

First we must address a few things. Spider-Man is a teenager. Therefore, this is a teenager movie and has some elements that appeal to some more than others. Mainly, the angst, the awkwardness, and the girlfriend. I like these things, they make me squeel a bit, but they're not the only reasons I liked the movie. Nor is Andrew Garfield's attractiveness. The movie didn't have the best editing, script, sound, pace, etc especially for a reboot. What it did have was a perfect example of American Mythology that explained who we should be aspire to be and why, with minimal exclusion. I'll have short little sections on individual themes.

wtf does that mean???

Origin Story

The movie starts with Peter playing hide & seek with his father- metaphorically, he searches for his origin, for the truth of his past. He does not find what he's looking for, but instead discovers mystery that changes his life. Fast forward a few years and repeat. The truth he's looking for: reason for his father's death; the mystery: spider bite. Why is this important and not just angst? For the same reason that America likes to watch any origin story.
As a 'fatherless' nation, America doesn't have much of a past to look to for guidance. When we do return to the Founding Fathers, we see them as contradictory and just as unsure as we are today. The few myths we have of them don't offer much in the way of counsel or advice. If we ever chop down a tree, we'll be sure to admit that we did it. But is there a (allegorical) reason for us to chop down a tree? Does it have to be a cherry tree? What? Not useful. Although some choose to follow the nostalgic path, others found the mystery of What are our Myths? These individuals of course are filmmakers. As the weavers of our myths they hold the power to reinvent the American story as many times as they can. Peter Parker/Americans, or any hero in an origin story, sets out to understand his/America's past, but instead finds questions about the present that only he can answer. (I'm not sure that makes sense to you. I hope it does.)

Character Archetypes

The movie had pretty straight-forward archetypes that reflected their individual values. Very simple, very clear-cut; perfect for a true teenager film. 

The most important difference between this
and McGuire's Spidey: Geekery
Peter Parker the Girl
Peter Parker starts out as a Girl archetype. He's perfectly capable (smart, athletic, artistic, brave, and handsome) but somehow does not fit in and manages to screw things up. Even after getting his powers, he cannot verbally express himself to Gwen. He feels lost and alone, and has lost of angst about not having father(s). When Uncle Ben dies, Peter's need for vengeance (overcoming The Man) inhibits Peter from living up to his power's true potential. Capt. Stacy calls Spider Man an anarchist who isn't really helping the police, but screwing up their operations. Typical Girl archetype behavior. It's not until Spider-Man saves the civilian boy that Peter becomes an Astronaut.

Spider-Man the Astronaut
Peter finally understands his Uncle's/Fathers philosophy of 'With power there is Responsibility not Choice' (or the 2002 version "With great power comes great responsibility," which happens to be a variation of an Franklin Roosevelt quote. Coincidence? I think not.) He abandons his personal quest of avenging his Uncle, and instead uses his powers to help people in the City. This subtle shift in action makes all the difference. Revenge is a loss of the belief in the judicial system (humanity). Helping people, obviously, is the opposite- faith in humanity.

Other characteristics color Spider-Man as Astronaut as well. Peter Parker lives in isolation. Not physical, but emotional. He has no father-figure in his life- Richard Parker, Uncle Ben, Dr. Connors, and even Capt. Stacy all die, leaving Peter to live without masculine guidance. He currently lives in a world where he's the only super-hero, so he converse with individuals who also have super-troubles. Despite the loneliness, Spider-Man acknowledges the importance of people.

Peter Parker's intelligence combine with his curiosity to demonstrate the Astronaut's quest for knowledge. Peter works with Dr. Connors to understand why he got his super-powers and to find a way to cure genetic conditions. He also invents a technological, not biological, way to get around town. Rather than owing all his super-powers to a spider bite, this Spider-Man uses his own smarts to create a webslinger. Finally, Spider-Man explores his capabilities to find a wide range of techniques to move around the city and combat bad guys. Overall: he's into learning new things and helping out people.

The Lizard, the Zombie
The villain in The Amazing Spider-Man starts as friendly Dr. Curt Connors- he gives internships to high school students and wants cure the incurable. These ideals quickly disappear once he starts messing around with those cross-genetics. Unlike Astronaut Peter, Connors cannot tolerate his isolation (one armed man) and which drives him to test the reptile serum on himself. Unfortunately, it takes over his mind and turns him into The Lizard- typical mad scientist type of stuff: drunk with power, doesn't want to be an outcast, everyone should be like him, etc.The Lizard has two objectives: Kill Spider-Man and make everyone into a Lizard. He just decides this, no real reason and he proceeds to do so without much of a plan. Any rationality that Connors had disappears and he only obeys The Lizard's desires (self-preservation and procreation).  

Gwen Stacy: NOT a Girl! 
Not much of any archetype really. But unlike her predecessor Mary Jane, Gwen is a put together young woman that has a bright future. She's thoughtful and fearless. Spider-Man doesn't even save her. Yes, he throws her our the window, but she could have run-away herself. I wish they had played up her character more, Gwen has Amazing hero potential herself.

Rajit Ratha the Brown
Not much to say about Rajit either, since his role was shrouded in mystery and he just seemed to disappear after falling off the bridge. He is the Brown archetype however. Although he seems menacing, ultimately he has no power and does not have any direct effect on the world. He works under someone (Mr. Osborn?) and doesn't have any sort of skills.

It's worth mentioning that Uncle Ben is Black. "Hell, I stopped helping you with your homework at 10" but he also has a hell of a lot of good advice.

I swear this was the only picture I could find with the mask not on him but in the photo.

The Mask
I have a personal obsession with masks, so I was pleased to see The Amazing Spider-Man used it as a motif. Peter uses the mask to first hide his identity from the street thugs. He comes up with the idea when he lands in a lucha libre arena, and sees the iconic masks on posters labeled "cruzado de la noche." Although it's not the most agressive attempt to include Latin Americans in American myth, it is an attempt. An icon in itself, the lucha mask inspires Peter to embrace not just his super-powers but a heroic persona. [Compare to Capt. America who wears his mask for maybe 8 minutes in The Avengers. Other superhero who utilizes his mask-persona: Iron Man, Batman]

Spider-Man loses his mask three times (?) in the movie. First, he takes it off when trying to save a young boy. Revealing himself to the youngster, Peter says "See, I'm just a normal guy." He gives the mask to the boy, and then tells the boy to wear it so he too can have super powers. You see the connection here? Lonely, scared boy, finds a mask and finds a power within himself. See Origins above. Or here. By saving the boy Spider-Man also gains the trust of the craneworker (Black archetype), who later helps Spider-Man defeat The Lizard. It's all cyclical.

The second time Spidey loses his mask is when the police take it off him. His idenity isn't revealed until Peter himself shows Capt. Stacy. Peter does this to again gain the trust of an individual and prove that he is not a threat but a 'normal guy.' Spider-Man loses his mask for the third time during the final battle with The Lizard. Dying Capt. Stacy hands it back to Peter, saying "you're gonna need this." The persona, embodied by the mask, is important to the success of Spider-Man. Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins (2005) actually explains this concept much better.

The Tower 

This isn't so much a motif in The Amazing Spider-Man as it is a motif in general movies. Since 9/11 Americans have, understandably, become quite sensitive to attacks the utilize the literal structure of our society. Skyscrapers, a long time symbol of American innovation and ingenuity, have become a battle ground at which heroes defend American beliefs. Spider-Man prevents his fellow American from losing faith in humanity on top of the tower, implying we should innovation and ingenuity to help humanity, not to forcibly "better" it. [Not the same message in The Avengers.]

 Although The Amazing Spider-Man may be historically inaccurate to the comics, the character may live in an angsty teenager world, and the reboot may be a bit premature (like Peter (joke)), I hope this analysis has you see past those flaws and view its mythological aspects a little more clearly. Please let me know your opinions on the mythos of the movie or on my analysis in the comments below. 

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Comics are for Boys: Take-Away Message

The previous post was more of a rant than an analysis. I'm just going to clarify why marketing movies to boys  is more than just a consumerist desire for more products.

Hunger Games Barbie
Available online only. 

Marketing movies to only [White Anglo Protestant] boys discourages girls [and other races] from participating America's most important cultural activities. Television, video games, magazines, and other media remain below theater movies in the cultural hierarchy. Excluding females from the silver screen implies they lack a capacity, whether that be intellectual, social, or etc, that would otherwise make them equal to males and allow them to also become 'Good'* Americans.

For example: Spider-Man, an astronaut, is a hero and role model. The movie suggests that living well means shouldering responsibility and using whatever powers you have to help yourself and others. Not a bad message. But only boys can 'become' (buy) Spider-Man and have super-powers and save the city. That's a bad message.

Now, people can argue that girls won't want Spider-Man toys. That's a lie, but fine. At any rate, plenty of female centered movies could easily churn out products marketed to girls. See previous post. It's not the content I'm angered/saddened by, its the system that the message perpetuates.

It is easy to adapt television shows
into preexisting girl-toys, but not movies! Lies.

The point is, American society sees males as the ultimate keeper of our culture. Selling products to boys too young to see the movie allows the young boys to feel included in the patriarchal structure. Once initiated into such a system, they grow up seeing themselves as powerful and responsible individuals that can choose and follow the American Dream, just like Spider-Man.

This does not happen for girls. Girl toys rarely come from movies, and then only G-rated. The toys for 9-15yr old girls look remarkably like those for younger girls or like plastic versions of 16+ year old interests (jewlry etc). Meaning: girls cannot participate in the cultural transition from childhood to adolescence to adulthood. The limitations allow little exploration of who a girl can become and deny them super-heroines to look up to in awe. The message in such marketing casts females as lesser than males, and therefore powerless and not responsible for their well being. Consequently, women should not/do not peruse the American Dream but support the someone who is.

We can talk about equality in adult-terms of voting or the workplace or sexuality, but this sexual dimorphism happens before we become aware of its effects on our lives. American culture tells us how American should live, what makes us U.S. To ignore how culture effects children is to be a zombie: ignorant and irresponsible, mindlessly consuming what is given to you. By all means, follow the patriarchal system if that's what you believe. There are biological differences between boys and girls after all. What I want is the equal opportunity for girls to actively participate in their own American Dream.


*'Good' in the Aristotelian sense of eudaimonia, or living well.

Thursday, July 5, 2012

Comics are for Boys

How curious. The Motion Picture Association of America rated The Avengers (2012) as PG-13: Parents are strongly cautioned to give special guidance for attendance of children under 13 – Some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. I'm not about to get up in arms about bringing impressionable minds to 'violent' or 'inappropriate' movies; I don't really care about that just yet. What strikes me is targeting (pun, yes) young boys as the ultimate consumer for these movies. Perhaps the random adolescent/young man picks up Hulk Hands or a Iron Man voice modulator, but the bulk of these products go to what looks like 5 - 12 year old white males. Don't you love reinforcing stereotypes? Well, the black kid is in the Ironman suit, but he's on screen for a total of three seconds, 10% of the commercial, most of which his face is blurred.

In addition to The Avengers (minus Hawkeye and Black Widow), Spider-Man, Batman, Transformers, Star Wars, and (the original) G.I. Joe themed products line Targets shelves. Maybe people perceive the PG-13 movies as appropriate for 5 year-olds because they originate from colorful comics, campy TV shows, or just plain nostalgia.

Actual Target Product
Where's the Hunger Games version!? Etsy.

However, if we take analogous movies, TV shows, or other products that were aimed at women, we might be a little apprehensive. Imagine a Twilight themed party where the 8 year old birthday girl wore Black Widow costume while her friends wore clothes from Mean Girls. I bet the Jones' would be whispering. Film 'inspired' girl-oriented toys do not come from the PG-13 rated media, but the PG and G: Disney Princesses and Hello Kitty. If they made a Monster High live-action movie, I bet it would be PG-13 though.

It wouldn't be that hard to market PG-13 movies to young girls. Instead of a generic 'princess' outfit, recreate it from Snow White and the Huntsman. How about a horse figurine with a War Horse logo on it? Maybe a Poo-Pie Playset inspired by The Help- I'd definitely buy that for my cousin! And don't we all want Hunger Games swag and costumes. While we're at it let's make some fake fangs and wolf-hair for the boy Twihards.

The Hunger Games (2012)
These are just the 'pretty' costumes!!

Point is, girls aren't feeble and it's weird that companies market to them as if they were. In reality, girls are more mature than boys and probably could handle the Amazing Spider-Man better than their counterparts. What girl wouldn't want a super-hero boyfriend who had a mode of transportation that avoided traffic? Mary Jane, Pepper Pots, and Jane Foster have their shit together and Black Widow and Katniss Everdeen are badass. Why not market mature movies to girls? They've got just as much if not more sway over Mom and Dad's money than their brothers.

So Target please will you actually put "A Superhero in Every Aisle" and not just the boy's aisles?